ARAB SPRINGThe “Final” policy paper due Week 12 (November 9), will be a 15 – 20 page, in-depth studyof a homeland security policy challenge of your choosing that will require the application of thematerials studied and presented in this course. Students should choose their topic for in-depthpolicy paper no later than week 6 or the September 21 class meeting. The policy paper mustinclude citations to at least 10 books or journal articles, including the course books and/orlectures, as appropriate. “Wikipedia” should not be amongst cited sources.The classroom briefs of your “Final” policy papers will be delivered during Weeks 12 and14 (November 9 and November 23). The operational world of homeland security consists ofcountless briefs and testimony to legislators, public and private entities, to inform them of thestatus of our work, up to and including the presentation of classified information to “cleared”individuals, regarding the potential of a specific terrorist threat. Using the policy paper as thefoundation, the policy brief will consist of an in-class presentation limited to 15 minutes,describing the policy challenge research.Please note that all papers (outline and final) must be submitted electronically via email by6:00 pm on the due date. They are to be in12-point font and double-spaced. PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTION VERY CAREFULLY.IM ATTACHING THE POLICY PAPER OUTLINE YOU WORKED ON BEFORE.THE TOPIC IS ABOUT “ARAB SPRING”Running head: ARAB SPRING
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Sultan Alqubaisi
Revised Outline: The Arab Spring
Policy Recommendation: The policy recommendation that governments could use to solve the
Arab Uprising is social media moderation.
Problem/Research/Literature Review
➢ The problem that will be investigated is the Arab Spring.
➢ The Arab Spring could be described as a series of series of anti-government protests or
pro-democracy uprisings that sparked in Tunisia and spread to other Middle East
countries, including Bahrain, Egypt, Morocco, Libya, and Syria.
➢ The problem is named the Arab Spring because it emerged in the 2011 spring period and
enveloped a number of Arad or Muslim dominated countries.
➢ According to research, the social and political impacts of these widespread antigovernment protests remain to be significant to date.
➢ The movements that were involved in these related protests that occurred in different
countries advocated for democracy as well as cultural freedom, which resulted in regime
changes.
Critical/Comparative Analysis
➢ The existence of tyrannical regimes sparked the Arab Spring revolts.
➢ The major causes of the Arab Spring include the following.
A. Oppressive regimes

Most Arab regimes had become bankrupt, both morally and ideologically.
ARAB SPRING

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By the time the 2011 Arab spring was happening, “Tunisia’s leader had been in
power since 1987, Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak since 1980, while Libya’s Muammar
al-Qaddafi had ruled for 42 years” (Dabashi, 2012).

Citizens of these nations became contemptuous of their old regimes.
B. Unemployment and poor living standards

Unemployment rates in the Arab world are extremely high.

Dissatisfaction over poor living standards and widespread unemployment led to
anti-government protests (Dabashi, 2012).

The anger of families striving to feed their children and university graduates
doing manual jobs to survive transcended ideological divisions
C. Corruption

Citizens of a country can only tolerate economic hardships when there is hope for
a better future or when hardships are equally distributed.

State-led development in the Arab world gave place to capitalism, benefiting only
a small majority (Dabashi, 2012).

Business elites collaborated with the government to amass unimaginable fortunes
at the expense of the poor citizens.
➢ The impacts of the Arab Spring issue include the following.

Political crises

The emergence of civil wars

Dissolution of governments

Step-downs

Anti-government revolts
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Power vacuums
Cost/Funding
➢ The anti-government revolts mandated a budget for implementation of the social media
moderation policy or law since the dissemination of the propaganda that influenced the
spread of the Arab Spring into various countries.
➢ The governments are obligated to provide adequate budget or funds during the
implementation of such policies.
➢ The cost of implementation of such a policy since social media moderation may be
conducted using computer technology, which is efficient and cheap.
Sustainability
➢ Every policy that is enacted government is aimed at creating a long-term impact in
addressing the issue at hand.
➢ The implementation of the social media moderation policy would be deemed sustainable
since the policy is less costly to implement, and also it would mitigate the spread of the
revolts, which would have a significant impact on both political, social, and economic
stability in the long run.
➢ It is believed that the social media facilitated the rapid spread of the Arab Springs since a
large population in the affected countries used mobile phones and utilized social media
platforms to spread the fever of these revolts (Wolfsfeld et al., 2013).
➢ Therefore, implementing the social media moderation strategy would create a sustainable
solution to the overarching problem.
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➢ The moderation of social media and other platforms would be a concrete policy that
governments would take to improve the spread of harmful propaganda or unethical
politics in society.
References
Dabashi, H. (2012). The Arab Spring: the end of postcolonialism. Zed Books Ltd.
Wolfsfeld, G., Segev, E., & Sheafer, T. (2013). Social media and the Arab Spring: Politics comes
first. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(2), 115-137.

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