You already know what you working on my project. I have sent out project paper to my professor to checkout asked me how things going like i told you too if anything wrong got fix it. This is for outline like you asked me to invite you because you could not finish it over there. Any update from professor have to notify so you can keep up to date!I attached the assignment instructions, calendar, qoutes, introduction structure (Rhetorical precis), sample outline and paper structure below. This is analysis This is an academic analysis NOT summarizing, you need several quotations. Please follow the instruction asking for it, again this is worth a lot of points I need to get good grade on it please work on it.RWS 305W, Writing Project 3:
Analysis of Scholarly Ethos
Due date/time: Final Draft due Monday 12/14 by 11:59pm, emailed to me directly.
At some point in your academic career, particularly as you complete upper division coursework in your selected
major, you will be expected to work with scholarship produced by professionals in your field. Some of you are
probably thinking, “I’m nursing” or “I just started my hospitality and tourism management courses” or “I’m an
electrical engineering major,” and such thoughts are likely followed by “and people in my major don’t write for
academic audiences.” Behold, aspiring nursing, HTM, and electrical engineering majors: professionals in your
field contribute to the Journal of Transcultural Nursing, the Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research, and
the Scientific Journal of Electrical Engineering, respectively.
To be perfectly honest, one fallacy college students embrace – because they are somehow “taught” this – is the
idea that when we graduate, we never need to write again for an academic audience. Indeed, advancement in
many disciplines requires professionals to read, research, and write—and to do these things frequently!
Project 3 is designed to achieve two broad objectives. First, this assignment is intended to introduce students to
scholarship produced by professionals in their given discipline or major. Second, this assignment is designed to
help students approach such writing by utilizing the concepts addressed in this rhetoric and writing studies
Commence your work by locating a text published in a peer reviewed or professional periodical associated with
your major, discipline, or specialization. The text you select will need to have been published in a credible
periodical within the past 3-4 years (so, nothing before 2016, please). And, the text should be a minimum of ten
pages in length (not including Works Cited/References, Bibliography). Please make sure your text meets these
requirements. A five-page “scholarly” article published in 2005 will not work, for instance.
Using this single text published in a professional and/or scholarly periodical associated with your
discipline or major, you are tasked with analyzing its author’s use of “conventions of academic writing”
and strategies for developing ethos. Identify multiple conventions used, examine why they were chosen, and
analyze the effects they have upon the author’s target audience. If you have some insight on a particular failure
of the author to establish her/his/their credibility as speakers on the issue/topic addressed in the selected text,
you can explain that, as well. I do not suspect that this kind of criticism of the authors’ ethos will come into
Please include an appropriate introductory section, one that accomplishes similar moves to many articles
published in academic or professional periodicals. Furthermore, make sure you have devised an analysis of the
authors’ ethos that meets the demands of our expanded definition of ethos, looking at the variety of methods
that academics use in their chosen discourse to advance a compelling argument.

Your paper should be 4-5 MLA formatted pages.

A Works Cited page is not included in this total but is required.
Criteria for Evaluation:
Successful papers will
1. Provide an introductory section that engages readers and introduces them to your selected text and
purpose of this assignment;
2. Identify and demonstrate the author’s use of different conventions, elements and strategies for
establishing ethos and explain whether the author is successful in establishing ethos;
3. Identify and analyze some of the different elements of academic writing used to develop the text;
4. Conclude the response appropriately by exploring the paper’s significance for others;
5. Use an effective structure that carefully guides the reader from one idea to the next, including the use of
transition phrases and sentences between ideas;
6. Be thoroughly edited and use appropriate diction and tone to satisfy an academic audience’s
7. Meet MLA standards for format, style, citation, and documentation.
Week of 11/23
11/23 Video Lecture: Discuss the
Project 3 Prompt and the
Sources of Ethos.
For this week: start search for your
Project 3 text: A scholarly article
from a professional journal relating
to your major.
Per the Prompt: your article must be
at least 10 pages of actual article
text (not including the bibliography),
but should not be more than 20-25
pages, only so you have a
manageable text for this final paper.
My 11/23 Video Lecture will cover these two important details:
How to find a scholarly/peer-reviewed article, using the SDSU
Library website.
The SOURCES OF ETHOS that will be critical to this paper, adding
to the depth and quality of your analysis. You will be analyzing
the ethos that the author(s) of this article develop to enhance the
reception and persuasion of the argument.

There is no Journal assignment due Monday 11/30.

I am trusting that you will do your best to find an acceptable
article this week (see the requirements reiterated several times).

To summarize, use this week to find a scholarly article that should
be between 10-20 pages of actual article, published in the last
three years, on a topic that really interests you in your major
studies (can be from a journal/field that is related to your major).
Email me with any questions regarding your scholarly article, but
again I am trusting that you can follow the instructions, meet the
Week of 11/30
11/30 Video Lecture: Discuss
some practice readings that I put
on Blackboard for you to read – I
will discuss these authors’ ethos
established in the articles.
Continue to search for your
article and begin taking notes on
the argument and the ethos
established by the author(s).
Journal Assignment due on Monday 12/7 at 11:59pm:
Show evidence that you are investigating the different
sources of ethos these authors use to strengthen their
arguments in a scholarly article.
Provide 1-2 pages of “notes” in either outline form, or in
paragraph form.
For Extra Credit: Construct a Rhetorical Précis of the
article you found to analyze for Project 3. See the Précis
template in the Project 3 folder. Include this in your 12/7
Journal submission (worth 5 points).
Week of 12/7
12/7 Video Lecture: Discuss the
Writing Samples that I put on
Blackboard, the Peer Review
assignment and final thoughts
on submitting your final draft,
• Discussion Board

Final draft due 12/14
Week of 12/14

Turn-in Final Draft

I hope you enjoyed the
class ☺
To help in drafting this paper, participate in the Discussion Board:

The Discussion Board will be live Wednesday 12/9 and closes
Sunday 12/13 at 11:59pm. I will set-up the DB, with groups, etc.

In writing this paper, think about the way we expanded the
discussion of ethos from how you might have thought about ethos
previously. Showing some variety is important for this analysis.

Your Final Draft of this paper is due next Monday 12/14 at

Don’t forget about the Works Cited page of your paper. I have put
instructions on how to format a source from a scholarly journal;
indeed, you only have ONE source in this paper.

Final Draft of Project 3 is due 12/14 by 11:59pm, via email: (this is
my official email though you may have seen it displayed as). Same

With your Final Draft, also email (same email in which you send
your Final Draft) a topic sentence outline of your paper with
convention/device and clarifying details; in other words, clarify the
topics of your ethos analysis in a hierarchical outline with some
description of your analysis (basic outline w/rough detail).
This is worth an added 5 points.

I put some Outline Samples on Blackboard.
❖ Introduction
➢ TS: Associate senior lecturer at Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Torsten
Krause, in his article, What Future for Primates? Conservation of Cross River State,
Nigeria, published in Springer Japan addresses the topic of human induced defaunation
and argues that it needs greater attention due to great reductions in important
ecosystem services and functions that further disadvantage local communities.
❖ Context
➢ Explains that there is a gap in the scholarship of the issue
▪ REDD+ is an organization addresses the emissions caused by deforestation, created
forest carbon stock to sustain and conserve forests. Although they seem to care
about the issue of deforestation, Krause explains that they have “been criticized as
being reductionist, omitting the fact that forests are complex social-ecological
systems” (1515).
▪ REDD+ has overlooked the issues that cause defaunation as a consequence of
human activities like hunting and does not include these issues in their discussions.
• Krause is extensively looking into what they overlook through his research,
interviewing locals and conservation specialists for the area.
• Establishes that there is more to be said on this issue, and that his own article
mentions what they missed.
▪ Gives a list of the things that need to be done in the community to fix the issue
❖ Evidence/Scholarship
➢ Primary data Interviews with “21 individual community members at the study site.
Interviews with two representatives from NGOs actively working with primate
conservation in CRS, three senior officials from the Forestry Commission, one
representative from the Ministry of Climate and Forestry, one former member of CRS
Anti-deforestation Task Force (ATF), and one CRS forestry expert were carried out in
Calabar in English” (1518).
▪ Extensive interviews to really catch what the community feels and sees when it
comes to the disappearance of certain animals in the forest, the regulations on
hunting and challenges with REDD+ and their involvement.
➢ Secondary data: peer reviewed literature, official REDD+ reports and relevant national
and state laws
▪ Shows his knowledge on the local laws and what should be happening in the
community in terms of the involvement of REDD+ and their promises to the
➢ Compares what REDD+ reports they do with what community members say actually
happens -voicing the truth
➢ “Narrative walks” with community members through farms and community forest to
learn about local land use practices (cash crops, forest resources being collected/
harvested) to compliment interview data with other observations.
▪ Shows the lengths he’s willing to go to learn about how this community plays into
the defaunation and how he can fix it based off this data.
❖ Tone
➢ Professional tone

Language used, large and extensive vocabulary that is specific to
sustainability/ecology appeal to an audience that are maybe scientists/biologists
who interested in sustaining our ecosystems and forests
▪ The kind of research conducted was all encompassing in that he interviewed a wide
range of people, from the professionals who are in charge of conservation of the
forest to the local people who know about customs and what’s really going on in the
➢ Ethical tone
▪ The author cares about the issue, they put in a lot of hard work to learn about this
one specific community. He also says that this research in learning about hunting
and the norms associated with it is important to the overall understanding of forest
▪ His detailed list of things that the community, conservationists, and the REDD+
organization need to do in order to sustain the natural ecosystems in the forest also
shows his dedication and willingness to help.
Project 3 Outline
• Address the topic of postpartum depression in refugee and immigrant women
• Address the argument: that refugee and immigrant women are at an increased risk of
developing postpartum depression but do not receive adequate help or a diagnosis due to
several barriers including suffering in solitude, lack of acknowledgement, cultural
conceptualizations, and barriers to help seeking.
• These authors advocate for raising awareness with health care providers
• The Audience: those in the healthcare field interested in the topic of postpartum
• “The urgency of this work is based on our understanding of the detrimental impact of this
disease not only on the woman who experiences PPD but also on the health and wellbeing of the entire family which ultimately affects the community and wider society”
• Being written because this does not just affect these women but them and the readers as
well in the long run
• Use of the word “our” writing this as a matter of fact statement and in a non
assertive/aggressive manner
• It also personalize the information –first person suggesting that its something that affects
them as well so they care about
• “In the United States, 18% of women may experience PPD and this has a long-lasting
detrimental impact…in refugee and immigrant women, the risk of developing PPD
dramatically increases to as much as 42%… globally , we are witnessing the highest level
of displaced people in history”
• Statistics to explain how logically this is a growing issue > supports the authors ethical
argument by showing the authors care about our nation
• If the effects of this will ultimately affect our society as a whole it is something that
should and need to be addressed the authors clearly care about our nation as a whole by
helping out at the root.
• Word choice “detrimental impact” and “displaced people” affecting pathos to help build
ethos? Ethical tone?? Social injustice for immagrant/refugee women
• See they value community well being and believe that proper education and cultural
competency can help
• Uses “Norblit and Hare’s (1988)” approach for conducting a systematic review of
qualitative research
• Common tech used to design and implement high quality health care services and
• Also uses Walsh and Downe (2006) eight essential elements for appraising the quality of
qualitative research
• Common tech in healthcare research for a meta-synthesis
• Clearly discussing how they choose appropriate articles to analyze that helped support
their hypothesis. They are being transparent which helps build trust.
• Are using research tech that are commonly used in nursing which builds the author’s

Audience is health care providers such as nurses interested in obstetrics, they are using a
research design they are used to and understand which helps build trust.
• Intertextuality??
• Adds to his professional tone??
• Conclude with an overview of the research, implications for practice, and
recommendations for future research.
• Seems to have a better understanding of the causes of inc failure to diagnosis and treat
PPD in refugee and immigrant women
o “Some” health care providers have little insight…
o Attitude of constructive criticism, they are not trying to place full blame on all
help care providers and acknowledge that there are some who are doing just fine
but there is always room for improvement
• Proceed to suggest that future research on how to educate and train providers and nurses
needs to be done admitting they do not know the answer to this solution
o They acknowledge that while their study provides insight it does not have all the
answers and more research needs to be done.
o Builds trust
o Admitting that they underachieving shows that they are truly care about helping
out the refugee and immigrant community by increasing awareness among help
care providers
o They don’t just want fame and glory they want others to care about this topic as
well and take action to help out this population experiencing PPD
For starters, a sample student MLA paper that you can find on Google enables you to see
what a correctly formatted academic essay “looks” like. Just Google “sample student
MLA paper.” Formatting can be as important as grammar and syntax.
In-text citation
1. Use a resource like Purdue OWL for clarification. How you integrate specific
or quoted evidence into your writing is crucial to this genre, this kind of
writing and analysis.
a. Basic approach: According to Delbanco, “the American college is a
unique institution” (223). Or: Delbanco insists, “the American college
is a unique institution” (223). Please note where the period and
quotation marks are in relation to the parentheses. You have to cite
EVERY quote and every paraphrase (describing something specific the
author says in your own words). Putting what an author says in your own
words and ignoring or forgetting to cite the reference is plagiarism.
b. The potential prevalence of run-on sentences: Delbanco is pretty clear
about his impression of the liberal arts education, “the American
college is an unique institution” (223). The problem here is that the
comma that supposedly sets-up the quote is a comma splice and creates a
run-on sentence. I wonder if writers associate the comma with the quote
and think this looks correct (see how the comma is used in the examples
under “a.” The syntax is entirely different). Proofread how you introduce
and set-up your quotes.
c. More advanced approach to integrating quotes: try to blend your
writing with the author’s, integrating seamlessly quoted material into your
own sentence. Example: Despite Delbanco’s concession that the liberal
arts education is riddled with flaw and controversy, throughout the
essay he maintains his belief that “the American college is an unique
institution” (223). Done effectively, this can enhance the readability, the
clarity of your point, the sentence variety, etc. This is a more mature,
more sophisticated element to the writing.

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