NO PLAGIARISM, it will go through turnitin. No outside sources, I will provide lecture videos and slides to use to answer the questions. One page per question. QUESTIONS: 1- Explain how the political order had changed in the US following the War of 1812. Thoroughly identify the Missouri Crisis, and discuss how it led to significant changes in the U.S. (conceptions about slavery, “gag rule”). Describe how the US annexed Florida, and what lesson the U.S. took from this expansion. What role did it play in the formation of the Monroe Doctrine? Identify the Monroe Doctrine, and demonstrate how it was completely different foreign policy orientation for the U.S. Finally discuss the political implications of the Second Great Awakening(concrete nature of sin, nations commit sins and thus share in the punishment), and describe how the new found religious sense represented a distinct transformation in the U.S.2- Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution. At minimum you must assess the branches of government and powers granted to the government. How were the Articles of Confederation a reaction to the Revolutionary War (hint – what kind of government did they fight and what kind of government did they create)? How did the two documents represent different philosophies about government (i.e. – local versus centralized control)? How did the new document represent a pro-slavery bias without ever mentioning the words “slave” or “slavery”?Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCK8xKcIhcPg5yYLe4…you can watch lecture videos that seem related.The oldest written
framework of government
currently in existence
Virtually every constitution
written since bears the
imprint of the US
all are written
all spell out human and civil
all reflect several underlying
Separation of powers
Bill of Rights
Presidential form of government
Written in 1913 by Charles
Several claims made by Beard
The Constitution was written
by men who had a financial
stake in the outcome
The men had ulterior motives
It was an undemocratic
document put on the people
The 55 included no farmers,
craftsmen, or mechanics – 32
lawyers, 5 planters; the rest
merchants, bankers, and
Beard is correct in asserting
that no one represented
common people at the
It created a national government capable of
ejecting Spain and Great Britain.
capable of putting down rebellions.
A self-interested body.
No authority to write a new constitution.
They did not create a political democracy.
President – elected by an electoral college
Senate – selected by state legislatures
House of Representatives – people vote, but elect
2 major compromises
Separation of Powers
New Jersey Plan OR Virginia Plan?
the Connecticut Compromise, or The Great Compromise.
Upper house (Senate) represented states – each state has equal
Lower house (House of Representatives) – represented people (incl
3/5 slaves), and based on population
Executive Branch – with a single president
A judicial branch
The framers wanted a strong national government
The fear among those who did not support the
constitution was a tyrannical central government
The solution was federalism – a strong national
government working in concert with sovereign states
The main debate is a debate over localism versus national
interests, and federalism contained both.
Constitution and all laws and treaties made under it
were to be the “supreme law” of the land – regardless
of any state laws.
Broad powers granted to central government
• to regulate commerce
• to control money
• to control army
• to pass any laws “necessary and proper” to execute
Individual states deprived of powers they’d had under
Articles of Confederation
to issue money
to pass laws “impairing the obligation of contracts.”
State officials required to take oath of allegiance to
Constitution of national government
No bill of rights to limit central government
states represented as separate and equal
entities in Senate
Each state presumably retained full jurisdiction
over its own internal affairs
The words slave and slavery never appear in the
document – it is “other persons” and “such
25 delegates were slaveholders
slavery was central to debates over power to put
down insurrection, manage international trade, and
how to determine representation.
Article I, section 9:
“The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the
States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be
prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand
eight hundred and eight.”
The constitution gave the national government power
to put down domestic insurrection
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several
States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective
Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free
Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding
Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons
The calculation was specifically for direct tax and
It also affects the electoral college
It gave the south a veto power over the national
government for 80 years
Rhode Island and North Carolina both said they
would never ratify the Constitution – it passed
after 9 states ratified.
The framers agreed to add a Bill of Rights to
These rights spelled out a person’s rights in relation
to the federal government
Top government officials gave secrets to the
The Vice President murdered his chief political
New England would threaten to secede.
The President personally headed an army to put
down a revolt.
Huge national debt
Congress did nothing to address the problem
The task fell to Alexander Hamilton
Born in the West Indies
Orphaned at the age of
Columbia University at
chief of staff at 18.
The economy had to be based on
Hamilton strongly anti slavery.
He wanted there to be a bond between the
wealthy and the federal government.
STEP ONE – Assumption of Revolutionary War
STEP TWO – The creation of a national bank
run by private investors.
STEP THREE – an excessively high tariff
keep out foreign manufactures
Assumption of Revolutionary War debt – accepted, but
Hamilton had to agree to move capitol to Washington,
“make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for
carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other
Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of
the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”
Loose or Broad construction – if the national government is
charged with laying taxes, collecting revenue, and managing the
economy, then they can pass laws to facilitate this.
Strict construction – If it is not specifically spelled out in the
constitution, then it is not permitted.
A party system developed around support or disagreement over
Hamilton’s plans. Those who favored him were called
Federalists, and those who opposed, and favored Jefferson’s
ideas of strict construction were called Republicans
the most valuable colony, because of its sugar
LOTS of slaves
1791 – revolted because of the French
The parties divided over the issue of Haiti, and
the French Revolution.
Louis XVI conspired with other European rulers to
regain his throne
the question was who to support
Hamilton/Federalists wanted to support England and the other monarchies,
while Jefferson/Republicans supported the French.
Hamilton/Federalists supported the kings because they were convinced the
French Revolution was too radical
George Washington essentially decided on neutrality as the
US was not strong enough
Mississippi River was cut off to American trade
Great Britain was stirring up Indian troubles
France called in its Revolutionary War debt
British governor of Canada
creates a permanent Indian
Creates an enormous fear of
Indians in US.
Washington sent Chief Justice
John Jay to Great Britain to
Sent army to the west to put
St. Clair’s Expedition
Arthur St. Clair
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