Purpose:The initial purpose for this writing assignment is to inform our audience about a contemporary problem while offering solutions. The assignment calls for using different rhetorical strategies to create one text. The research essay targets and improves composition skills and critical thinking skills.Goals:Create an academic essay of at least five full pages of text (no more than seven full pages of text).Apply MLA formatting to the essay: 12 pt. Times New Roman font, double-spaced, 1” margins, last name and page number in the upper right hand corner, and a heading including your name, class, instructor’s name, and date. Also include a title.Apply basic composition skills: topic sentences, thesis statement, logical and effective organization, effective integration of sources, transitions, and incorporating appropriate content.Understand and apply standard written English. Use appropriate vocabulary and avoid mechanical and grammatical errors.Integrate and use 4-7 credible sources (books, journal articles, NC Live, etc.).Create a works cited page (does not count towards the overall word count of the actual essay).I prefer 6 pages . for the delivery time you can finish 2 or 3 pages on Wednesday so I can submit it as preliminary draft and the whole essay I can wait until Friday or saturday !ENG 111—Williams
Research Essay (25%)
Purpose: The initial purpose for this writing assignment is to inform our audience about a problem and potential
solution(s). The assignment calls for using different rhetorical strategies to create one text. The research essay targets
and improves composition skills and critical thinking skills.
Goals:






Create an academic essay of at least five full pages of text (no more than seven full pages of text).
Apply MLA formatting to the essay: 12 pt. Times New Roman font, double-spaced, 1” margins, last name and
page number in the upper right hand corner, and a heading including your name, class, instructor’s name, and
date. Also include a title.
Apply basic composition skills: topic sentences, thesis statement, logical and effective organization, effective
integration of sources, transitions, and incorporating appropriate content.
Understand and apply standard written English. Use appropriate vocabulary and avoid mechanical and
grammatical errors.
Integrate and use 4-7 credible sources (books, journal articles, NC Live, etc.—use our library’s databases).
Create a works cited page (does not count towards the overall length of the actual essay).
Assignment: This assignment is relatively simple.
You will first identify and explain a problem area within a subject
matter that you have chosen, persuading your reader that this is a serious enough issue to require some kind of change in
thought or action. Then, you should persuade your readers to think a certain way or to take a certain action to correct that
problem (i.e. propose solutions to that problem).
Examples:






Sports or hobby related problem/solution
a. “One and done” rule impacting NCAA basketball/NBA
b. NFL concussions and protocol
Legislative related problem/solution
a. Political lobbying laws
b. Gerrymandering
Social/Institutional problem/solution
a. For-profit prisons
b. Militarization of police
Technology based problem/solution
a. Cybersecurity issues
b. Fake news and social media
Education related problem/solution
a. Standardized tests
b. Teacher pay or underfunding educational institutions
A topic of your choosing (as long as it is approved)
AVOID “TIRED” TOPICS which would require more training in argumentation in order to write a good paper. Tired topics
include gun control, abortion, gay marriage, legalization of marijuana, death penalty, etc.
Sources: Use your sources to reinforce your position. Do not start paragraphs with quotations, and do not end
paragraphs with quotations. You should always assume control by using the evidence to support your claims, not writing
claims to support your evidence. Your words should always outweigh the quotations. Also, make sure to use attribution to
effectively integrate sources. Do not let a quotation act as its own sentence. You must incorporate your research
throughout the entire essay. Your research should not be more than five years old.
Note: The following sources will not be accepted:
 Wikipedia.org
 Primary or secondary educational resources (websites, study guides, etc.)
 Dictionary.com
 Book reviews, summaries, etc.
 Any other reference/encyclopedia type sources that are similar to any of the sources listed above.
Table 1 – Essay 3 Rubric
Criteria
Excellent – 100%
Good – 85%
Fair – 70%
Needs Improvement –
50%
Not Observed – below 50%
Thesis (5
points)
Thesis clearly presents a
problem/solution claim
that targets the
assigned criteria; the
thesis also presents a
purpose for the claim.
Thesis presents a
problem/solution
claim that targets the
assigned criteria.
Thesis is misplaced,
underdeveloped, and/or
unclear.
Review RFW chapter 53
and class notes.
There is no clear, identifiable
thesis to unify the essay.
Review RFW chapter 53 and
class notes.
Organization
(10 points)
Introduction and
conclusion are welldeveloped and
compelling. The essay’s
body effectively
presents a clear
problem followed by a
solution or set of
solutions and transitions
well between points.
Topic sentences reflect
the thesis explicitly.
They are exceptionally
composed and
appropriately
transitional.
Body paragraphs are
fully-developed,
structured logically, and
ordered effectively.
Supporting details
effectively develop the
main ideas.
Paragraph (and/or
section) ending
syntheses are
exceptionally
composed. They
connect clearly to topic
sentences and reveal
the material’s
significance.
Introduction and
conclusion are
developed and
effective. The essay
follows a problem
solution format.
Transitions work, but
might be improved in
areas.
Thesis is present and
does the job.
It may be misplaced, too
broad, or too narrow to
adequately cover the
topic and/or convey a
significant purpose.
Introduction and
conclusion serve the
purpose, but one may
benefit from
development. The essay
has a general structure
targeting criteria, but
transitions or
organization of ideas can
be improved in areas.
Topic sentences are
mostly clear but
ordinary. Perhaps
transitions, clarity,
distinction, or some key
component was left out
or confused.
Body paragraphs include
minor areas where
development,
structuring, or
organization is in need
of attention.
Paragraph (and/or
section) ending
syntheses are mostly
clear but ordinary.
Some key component
specific to the
assignment may have
been left out or
confused.
Introduction and/or
conclusion lack collegiatelevel conventions with
regard content and/or
development. The
organization and
transitions can benefit
from more revision.
Introduction and conclusion
may not be separate
paragraphs to effectively
begin and end the essay. The
essay does not transition from
point to point, and the
problem/solution organization
is inconsistent or illogical.
Topic sentences are often
unclear, missing,
underdeveloped, or
inappropriate for the
assignment.
Body paragraphs are
often underdeveloped,
unclear, illogically
ordered, or
inappropriately
structured for the
assignment.
Paragraph (and/or
section) ending syntheses
are often unclear,
underdeveloped, missing,
or inappropriate for the
assignment.
Discerning different body
paragraphs may be difficult.
The essay’s body may lack
substantive development, or
there may not be clear,
identifiable paragraph breaks.
Transitions may be missing,
and content may digress from
the assignment’s or essay’s
focus.
Paragraph
Development
(20 points)
Topic sentences
reflect the thesis
explicitly. They are
assertive, clear, and
appropriately
transitional.
Body paragraphs are
well-developed,
structured logically,
and ordered
effectively, but not
enough so to be
considered
exceptional.
Paragraph (and/or
section) ending
syntheses are clear
and appropriately
connected to topic
sentences.
Criteria
Excellent – 100%
Good – 85%
Fair – 70%
Needs Improvement –
50%
Not Observed – below 50%
Source
Integration
and
Development
(20 points)
Source integration is
sophisticated and error
free. Sources are
introduced, attributed,
& synthesized
effectively. The
evidence is developed,
synthesized, and
strengthens the idea it
supports.
Works Cited page is
perfect. In-text citation
is without fault.
Integration of source
content is virtually
error free, including
appropriate
attribution and
synthesis. The
evidence is developed
and strengthens the
idea it supports.
Integration of source
content may not meet
all standards; some
passages may lack
effective signal phrases
or attribution, and the
evidence may not be
developed and tied to
the main idea.
Attribution and/or
syntheses of source
content are often
missing.
Sources are not clearly
integrated into the essay as
assigned. Review chapter 55
in the RFW text.
Works Cited page is
nearly perfect. In-text
citations are virtually
error free. The
document layout may
include one or two
minor errors.
There are a few errors in
document layout, Works
Cited entries, and in-text
citations.
There are significant
errors in document
layout, Works Cited
entries, and in-text
citations.
The essay does not adhere to
a majority of MLA guidelines,
such as document layout, intext citations, and Works
Cited entries. Review chapters
56-57 in the RFW text.
Writer makes no major
errors in grammar,
mechanics, or spelling.
There may be few minor
errors grammatical or
mechanical errors, and
the essay is consistently
written in third person
point of view.
Writer makes 1-2
major errors in
grammar, mechanics,
or spelling. There may
be few minor errors in
grammar, mechanics,
or point of view.
Writer makes 3-4 major
errors in grammar,
mechanics, or spelling,
some of which distract
the reader from the
content. There may be
minor errors that also
hinder content, and the
point of view may be
inconsistent.
Writer makes 4+ major
errors in grammar,
mechanics, or spelling,
many of which distract
the reader from the
content. There are
numerous minor errors
throughout the essay.
The point of view is
primarily first or second
person.
There are more than 10 major
grammatical or mechanical
errors throughout the essay.
There are also numerous
minor grammatical and
mechanical mistakes
throughout the essay.
MLA
Formatting
(15 points)
Grammar,
Mechanics,
and Point of
View (30
points)

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