Review this tutorial on writing reaction papers thoroughly then write a two-page summary of what you learned. This must be a minimum of two complete pages, minimum of 500 words. (The tutorial on writing reaction paper is attached below)Reaction Papers
Psychology Seminar
 How to approach the reaction papers (slide 3)
 APA 7 title page (slide 7)
 Introduction tips (slide 18)
 How to improve structure/flow (slide 20)
 Common mistakes with grammar (slide 24)
 How to find peer-reviewed sources (slide 29)
 APA 7 citations (slide 37)
 APA 7 references (slide 43)
How to approach the
reaction papers
How to approach the reaction papers
 Read the prompt CAREFULLY to help you approach the reading in an effective manner
 Read the article and take notes while you do so (e.g., highlight areas that may help
provide a direction for your paper)
How to approach
the reactionpapers
 Look at the feedback from past
reaction papers to see where to
 We leave specific
comments and edits on your
paper using track changes on
How to approach the reaction papers
 Create an outline to determine
 This helps figure out what to
research and find support for
 This helps determine if you’re
on the right path. You can
send this to the GTA to see if
you’re answering the prompt
correctly before writing out
the whole essay
 It helps with organization too
APA 7 Title Page
Cover Page/Title Page
 Student page
 No longer need a running head like in 6th edition
 Additional information required
 Title name
 Author names
 Affiliation (Department name and school name)
 Course name and course number
 Instructor name and title
 Assignment due date
 Header with page number
Cover Page/Title Page
1st Step: Enter page
Double click on the
blank part of the
paper that is on the
upper page to get
the header/footer
options to pop up
Cover Page/Title Page
1st Step: Page number
 2. Click on the “Header & Footer”
tab that popped up
 3. Click on “Page number”
 4. Click on “top of page”
 5. Click on “Plain Number 3”
Cover Page/Title Page
2nd step: title name
Click on “center” from the “paragraph” section
Push the space bar 4x
Put the name of the title page in bold font
Cover Page/Title Page
3rd Step: Author names
Add an extra space after the title
Add author name to be formatted: First name
MI Last Name
Cover Page/Title Page
4th Step: Affiliation
On the next line, add the department name
(e.g., Department of Psychology)
Add a comma, then add the institution’s name
(e.g., Norfolk State University)
Cover Page/Title Page
5th Step: Course name and course number
On the next line, add the course number first
Put a colon (:) then the course name
Cover Page/Title Page
 6th Step: Professor name
1. On a separate line
2. Enter professor’s name: Title, First Name, and Last

Cover Page/Title Page

Step: Lastly, double
space it
 Highlight the words
 Press the button with the
arrow coming out the of
the box
 Go to line spacing and
drop down to “double”
 Press “OK”
 One of the most important aspects of the introduction is the topic sentence
 Topic sentence: Tells the reader what you will be discussing and in what order you will be
discussing it
 Example: I will be discussing how cannabis should not be used as adjunct for mental health
treatment for anxiety, depression, and PTSD.
 Discuss an overview of what you will be discussing in the introduction
How to Improve Structure/Flow
How to Improve Structure/flow
 Outline will help you determine the structure, so you can organize the paper properly
 Use transition sentences
 Transition help summarize information you have discussed and introduce new topics
 Example: Not only does cannabis help with anxiety disorders, but it has also been shown to be
helpful for depressive disorders.
 Use headers
 Headers describe what will be discussed in the following paragraphs
How to Improve Structure/Flow
 APA 7 headers are as follows:
Level of
Centered, Boldfaced, All Major Words are Capitalized
Flushed left, Boldfaced, All Major Words are Capitalized
Flushed Left, Boldfaced, Italics, All Major Words are Capitalized
How to Improve Structure/Flow
Level 1 header
Level 2 header
Level 3 header
Common Grammar
Common Grammar Mistakes
 The difference between their and there and they’re
 There refers to location, in, and at (e.g., There are a lot of people who disagree with me)
 Their refers to possession or belonging to someone (e.g., Their high cannabis use contributed to a
lot of problems).
 They’re = they are (e.g., They’re the best kind of people)
 The difference between to and too
 To refers to direction or with a verb (e.g., I went to class)
 Too refers to agreement (e.g., I, too, think it is bad or They also had high cannabis use too)
 The difference between affect and effect
 Effect refers to outcome/something that is influenced by (e.g., The effect of cannabis is bad)
 Affect refers to the action on something else (e.g., Cannabis affects one’s mental health)
Common Grammar Mistakes
 The difference between that and who
 Only use who when you’re referring to people
 Only use that when you’re referring to things
 The difference between than and then
 Than refers comparison (e.g., CBT for depression is better than cannabis and CBT for depression)
 Then refers to next and at that time (e.g. People will receive treatment for their drug use then we
help them find jobs)
Common Grammar Mistakes
 When to use commas
 Interruptions: these are not essential to the sentence (e.g., Cannabis, for example, will
cause X)
 Lists: commas are used between items in a list (e.g., Cannabis causes anxiety,
depression, and substance use disorder).
 FANBOYS: You use a comma to combine two independent clauses using for, and, nor,
but, or, yet, so.
 You know it is an independent clause when there is a subject (noun) and verb within it
Example: She likes to eat pineapple pizza, but she hates eating pineapples by itself.
Common Grammar Mistakes
 Read it out loud to yourself to slow your brain down. After seeing something we have
written, we tend to ignore mistakes/not see them
 Word has a computer voice that will read it out loud to you too if that is helpful
 If you stumble over the sentence or have to re-read it out loud, there is probably a
grammar mistake in there
How to find peerreviewed articles
How to find peer-reviewed articles
 Peer-reviewed articles are articles that have been reviewed by other experts in the field
 You may have to double check with the journal’s web page to confirm it is a peer
reviewed journal
 Peer reviewed articles are not governmental websites, blogs, articles from conferences,
theses, or dissertations.
Peer Reviewed Articles
 My preferred way is through Google Scholar, but it will give you non-peer reviewed
sources. You need to be careful when using the site.
Peer Reviewed Articles
 Go to google scholar and type
for whatever you want to find
more information
 If you can access the article, it
will show up on the right side
Click to access
the article
Peer Reviewed Articles
 *Side perk
 Google scholar will also help you create a skeleton
APA reference, but you will most likely need to fix
it/add more information in
 Click on the quotation mark icon which will lead to a
pop up window of all different kinds of references
Peer Reviewed Articles
 You can also go to NSU’s online database to help look for peer reviewed articles
Peer Reviewed Articles
 Click on the “P” on the top of
the directory
 Scan down to PSYCNET
 Click on the link which will bring
you to a page to enter in your
NSU ID information (Same
information when you login to
Blackboard from NSU’s site)
 Do NOT use your NSU email
Peer Reviewed Articles
 Click on “Peer reviewed” and
“APA Full Text”
 Type in your keywords for these
APA 7 Citations
APA 7 Citation Errors
Citations: Who do we cite for authors?
 When we have three or more authors, we now just cite the first author and et al.
 With the sixth edition of APA, we had to cite all authors up to 6 at least once. This is no longer the
When 3+ authors: “Military sexual trauma is on the rise (Davies et al., 2019).”
When 1-2 authors: “Military sexual trauma is on the rise (Davies & Richards, 2019).”
Citations: Parenthetical VS In-text
In-text Citation
Use the author(s) names
within the paragraph/state
their names
Author(s) names are not mentioned directly in the
sentences. It is mentioned at the end in parentheses
Example: Davies and Smith
(2020) suggest that MST is
on the rise.
Example: It is possible that MST is on the rise (Davies &
Smith, 2020)
Use of and/&
Only use the word form of
Only use ampersand (i.e., &)
The situation of the year
Year only is in parenthesis
Authors and year are in parentheses. Additionally,
there is a comma between authors and year.
Citations: Common errors
 The placement of the period.
 It goes after the parenthesis for parenthetical citations, not before it
 WRONG: MST is on the rise. (Davies & Smith, 2020)
 CORRECT: MST is on the rise (Davies & Smith, 2020).
 Refer to authors by their last names only
 WRONG: Do not use Dr. or PhD (e.g., Dr. Rachel Davies mentioned)
 WRONG: Don’t refer to article titles (e.g., in the article titled, “XXXX”, Davies mentioned)
 WRONG: Do not use the first name (e.g., Rachel Davies (2019) mentioned)
 Multiple citations supporting a statement alphabetical order, with a semi-colon (;) splitting
the manuscripts
 E.g., Moral injury is linked with depressive symptoms (Davies, 2014; Kelley & Bravo, 2018)
Citations: Common Errors
 Anything that is not common knowledge NEEDS a citation
 If you had to look it up, then you NEED to cite it
 Most people under cite
 Every new sentence needs a citation even if you already cited the authors in the sentence before
and you’re continuing the information from the study.
 If you find yourself citing someone over and over, then you may be using too much information
from that source
 Stating personal opinions as facts
 Include some kind of verbiage that indicates it is your opinion (e.g., it could be inferred that…, I
think that….,)
 Back it up with some kind of source if you feel it is fact
APA 7 References
Reference Page: General Overview
 References title = bold because it is a level 1
 References are in alphabetical order
 References have hanging indent
 Should have its own page and not right after
your last sentence
This is what hanging
indent looks like —>
Reference Page
 The references needs to be in hanging
 1. Highlight the references. Click on the
arrow box in the “paragraph” box
 2. Go to “special” and move it to hanging
 3. Push “OK”
Reference Page
 Put the references in alphabetical order, do NOT waste your
time by doing this yourself
 Word has a button that does it for you
 Highlight all the references, then click on this button
Reference Page
References for different sources have particular formats
Journal articles which are scholarly sources have the following format:
Author 1 Last Name, Author 1 First Initial. Author 1 Middle Initial., Author 2 Last Name, Author 2
First Initial. Author 2 Middle Initial., & Author 3 Last Name, Author 3 First Initial. Author 3 Middle
Initial. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume #, (issue #), pp-pp.
Reference Page
Tips and tricks
 Google Scholar will give you a skeleton reference
*Just know that you will
have to edit it
Reference Page
Example of what Google Scholar gives you:
Currier, J. M., Holland, J. M., Drescher, K., & Foy, D. (2015). Initial psychometric evaluation of the
Moral Injury Questionnaire—Military version. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 22(1), 5463.MISSING DOI
Correct format:
Currier, J. M., Holland, J. M., Drescher, K., & Foy, D. (2015). Initial psychometric evaluation of the
Moral Injury Questionnaire—Military version. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 22(1), 54-63.
Example of Journal Reference on your own
 This is how you would do it on your own:
Bryan, C. J., Bryan, A. O., Anestis, M. D., Anestis, J. C., Green, B. A., Etienne, N., Morrow, C. E., & RaySannerud, B. (2016). Measuring moral injury: Psychometric properties of Moral Injury Events Scale in two
Military samples. Assessment, 23(3), 557-570. 10.1177/1073191115590855
Reference Page
Book reference
Reference Page
References for websites
Author Last name, First initial. (Year, Month date). Title of the article. Name of Website. URL to
*No longer have to put “Retrieved from: URL” as you did in 6th edition for APA
Reference Page Example
Stein, M. (2020, February 28). Avoidance of uncertainty: Generalized anxiety explained. Psychology
Reference Page Common Errors
 Do NOT put Dr. in front of the names
 Do not spell out their first name
 Italicize article titles for websites, journal names, and volume numbers
 The article title only has the first word and proper nouns capitalized, all other words are
lower cased
 Do not include the link for where you got the article for journal articles
Still needing help?
 Reach out to the GTA for this class
 Rachel Davies:
 I will take drafts of papers up to Monday 11:59PM on the week it is due to edit and give feedback
 I can answer questions you may have about the paper
 Reach out to Dr. Colson
 Dr. Colson:

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