RESEARCHED ISSUE ANALYSIS ESSAY For this essay, you will write a well-researched analytical essay that examines, explains and analyzes an issue – with multiple, possibly conflicting perspectives – which you have chosen to write about. Opportunities for analyzing issues, problems or situations are found in every discipline, workplace and real-life situations. If you are an engineer, a business person, a scientist, a writer or just a voting citizen, you will be called upon to think about, closely examine and often to write documents that analyze in order to understand complicated issues in our professions or our lives. Every day there are complicated issues in current or past events, whether it is to understand the use of drones in modern warfare or the issue of prescription drug abuse on campus, which occupy our minds. Your essay will include background information that readers need to understand the issue as well as analysis of the opinions of various stakeholders* and subtopics of the larger issue. Your goal is to write a coherent, sophisticated analysis that will engage and inform your readers. *Stakeholder: a group of people that is affected by an issue, whether they are potentially harmed by it, stand to gain from it, or their lives or those of people close to them are in some way touched by it Synthesis/Thesis Statement: Your thesis statement should be centered on an inclusive sentence or sentences that provide an overview for the reader and predict what your paper is about. If your issue is the use of prescription drug abuse, for example, your thesis should address the various stakeholders and perspectives in this issue and be clear, specific and focused. You will want to synthesize in your thesis all the moves you make as a writer who teases out the various components of this problem and analyzes how the various articles you research are arguing about how to solve the problem or why there is a problem. Your beginning thesis will be what we call a working thesis. That means that as you write your first draft of the paper, which may be a discovery draft, you will return to and change your thesis to include perhaps another perspective that you did not originally know about (perhaps you forgot to include the doctors who prescribe such drugs at first and just concentrated on the pharmaceutical companies, the young people, and sociologists). The thesis in your final paper will be that polished and finished statement or statements that are all inclusive and synthesize the various sub-issues or perspectives covered in the paper. Analysis of Multiple Perspectives, Sub-Issues and/or Stakeholders (the body paragraphs): In your research, you will need to find articles (both scholarly and mainstream press) that support any claim you make and build a framework in your essay that not only analyzes the views of various stakeholders or perspectives or sub-issues within the larger issue but also examines the justifications made by these groups. Notice how the various groups argue. Can you analyze the arguments rhetorically? Ideally, your analysis will be sophisticated, in that it does not just see two sides of an issue, but sees multiple parts of a larger situation, while carefully examining or analyzing each part. Organization: Your essay should follow a clear organization plan that is logical and easy for the reader to keep up with; your thesis statement should give readers a sense of this plan. Sentences and paragraphs should be coherent and focused, and transitions should help the essay to flow clearly. Research, Support or Evidence: You will need to back up each claim you make within the analysis. You will use your sources to build credibility and gain authority to speak as a writer on a particular topic. Your aim is to persuade your audience of your deeper understanding of this issue, thus you must use credible sources to back up everything you say. You can use your knowledge of ethical, emotional or logical appeals to analyze what various groups write about their role in the problem. You’ll want to avoid logical fallacies within your own writing. You will use both direct quotes and paraphrases and will cite all your sources correctly in the text as well as prepare a Works Cited page to accompany the essay. Your six sources should be credible and 3-4 of the six should be scholarly ones. You can have several also from respected news sources like The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, etc. You should show that you are able to evaluate the ethos or credibility in the selection of your sources. Selected information should always be relevant to the central argument as well as quoted or paraphrased correctly to support each claim. They should also be well integrated into developed paragraphs and not just be dropped in but contextualized. This means each quote or paraphrase should back up or provide some support for your ideas, your analysis. You could also be analyzing how these various groups are making their arguments regarding their own role in the issue or problem. Formatting Requirements of the Paper: Include an interesting and descriptive title that clearly announces the issue you are analyzing. Must be 1500 words (six pages) in the essay itself. Use Times MLA formatting standards Include Works Cited page written in MLA style including 3-4 scholarly and 2-3 mainstream sources (for a total of six sources). Submit final essays electronicallyGrading or Assessment: Your essay will be graded on the following: Analysis Synthesis/Thesis Organization Research (use of sources, integrating sources, etc.) Conventions (style, grammar, etc.) Due DatesRough Draft: 11/24I NEED TO USE THE ATTACHED ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY TO WRITE THE ISSUE ANALYSIS!Destini Lombard
10 November 2020
Should We Be Able To Vote At Age 16?
Before the late 1960s, 18 was believed to be too young of an age to be allowed to vote. After
many debates and movements, the age was eventually lowered in 1969. One argument that
supported this was 18-year olds being able to fight in a war. In today’s society, there have been
arguments to get the age lowered to 16. Tragedies such as school shootings have affected
teenagers, and the argument is to allow them to have a voice in the lawmaking process. The eight
articles that I have chosen will give me information on the history of voting in the United States,
other countries’ stances, and the pros and cons of lowering the age.
Astor, Maggie. “16-Year-Olds Want a Vote. Fifty Years Ago, So Did 18-Year-Olds.” The New
York Times, The New York Times, 19 May 2019. Maggie Astor is a political reporter for the
New York Times. In this article, she does not hold a specific position on the debate, but she
covers some background information about voting in the late 1960s. She talks about how some
democrats and republicans believe 16 is too young to vote, and also how some college students
believe 16-year-olds should have this right. This article will be beneficial to my research paper
because it offers different stances on the topic of voting. The citation also gives me some
valuable background information about the movement that lowered the voting age to 18.
Chan, Tak Wing, and Matthew Clayton. “Should the Voting Age Be Lowered to Sixteen?
Normative and Empirical Considerations.” Political Studies, vol. 54, no. 3, Oct. 2006, pp. 533–
558. The authors of this journal article are both university professors who examine political
issues. In this article, they examine if the voting age should be lowered to 16. They both give key
facts as to why they believe 16 years of age is too young to allow people to vote. They draw both
pros and cons to letting 16-year olds vote, but ultimately think 16 is too immature. This article
will be beneficial to my research paper because it gives examples of the public opinions and
draws in multiple arguments that will help me pick my stance on the debate.
Peto, Tommy. “Why the Voting Age Should Be Lowered to 16.” Politics, Philosophy &
Economics, vol. 17, no. 3, Aug. 2018, pp. 277–297. Tommy Peto works with the Department of
Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford. In this article, he covers the
beliefs in the United Kingdom. In the United Kingdom, the voting age is similar to the United
States. Many believe 16-year olds are not politically mature, but he believes they are. This article
will be beneficial to my research paper because it gives me insight into other regions and how
they feel about the topic of lowering the voting age.
Steinberg, Laurence. “Why We Should Lower the Voting Age to 16.” The New York Times, The
New York Times, 2 Mar. 2018. Laurence Steinberg is one of the world’s top experts on teens. In
this newspaper, he believes that high schoolers lack power and should have political power. He
brings up arguments such as teenagers make bad decisions, but adults also do too. This will be
beneficial to me because it gives me support as to why the voting age should be lowered.
Stiers, Dieter, et al. “Are 16-Year-Olds Able to Cast a Congruent Vote? Evidence from a
‘Voting at 16’ Initiative in the City of Ghent (Belgium).” Request, Elsevier Ltd, Feb. 2020.
Dieter Stiers is a PhD student at the Centre of Citizenship and Democracy since October
2015, after obtaining his Bachelor’s degree in Political Sciences and Master’s degree in
Comparative and International Politics at KU Leuven. His research focuses on elections,
electoral behaviour, and more specifically on the causes and consequences of electoral
volatility. This will be beneficial to my paper, because it gives me insight on what would
possibly happen if the voting age was lowered to 16.
Belluck, Pam. “16 Candles and a Ballot?: Almost 40 Years after the U.S. Lowered the
Voting Age to 18, There’s Talk of Letting 16- and 17-Year-Old Go to the Polls.” New
York Times Upfront. Jan 14, 2008, Vol. 140 Issue 8, p8, 3 p. Pam Belluck is a health and
science writer whose honors include sharing a Pulitzer Prize and winning the Nellie Bly
Award for Best Front Page Story. She is the author of Island Practice, a book about an
unusual doctor. This article would be beneficial to my essay because it gives me more
information on the benefits of allowing voters to vote at the age of 16.
Anderson, James A. “Why We Should Lower the Voting Age to 16.” Nextcity.org, 20 July
2020. James Anderson is a Professor of cognitive science and Brain Science at Brown
University. His multi-disciplinary background includes expertise in psychology, biology,
physics, neuroscience, and computer science. Anderson received his Ph.D. from MIT. This
article will help me with my essay because it gives examples and states facts about the
impact that voting at the age of 16 would cause in the world today.
Love, David A., et al. “It’s Time To Lower The Voting Age To 16.” The Appeal, 3 Nov.
2020. David A. Love is a journalist and commentator who writes investigative stories and
op-eds on a variety of issues, including politics, social justice, human rights, race, criminal
justice and inequality. This article would be a good source for my paper because it provides
facts and statistics about why the voting age should be lowered to 16.
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