For the assignment, you will consider the topic of employee motivation for a diverse group of employees who represent different ethnicities, religions, ages, and genders. There are many ways to impact employee motivation, such as with job enrichment or rotation, work-life balance, flexible work hours, job sharing, telecommuting, employee recognition and empowerment, and financial incentives. When determining which of these to use to motivate a diverse group of employees, one must consider that every person is motivated in different ways and with different tools. For instance, your company may set up a comfortable place where employees of different faiths can do their daily ablutions or prayers.You will prepare a presentation that proposes options for employees to vote on adopting at your own workplace, keeping in mind the demographics of the employee pool as different people require different motivators. You can use the list already provided, but if you do, please add more of your own ideas to the list. Talk with your own HR manager about what they feel is wanted by the employees where you work. (You will select 5 of these topics to put into this PowerPoint presentation.)In the background materials, you read about some very traditional theories of motivation such as
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory. You also learned about how people of
other ethnicities or religions are motivated in the workplace. Now you will connect those theories to
identifying appropriate motivational tools for the following four employees who each represent a
different ethnic group where you work:
Adara, a 26-year-old married mother who is of the Muslim faith and was born in Detroit, Michigan, but
moved away and became a valued employee three years ago. She has an associate degree in accounting
and is also going to school to earn a bachelor’s degree in accounting.
Ivy, a single 22-year-old African American, a recent college graduate with a bachelor’s degree in
marketing, has been with the company for just three months. She is the company’s social media
marketing assistant.
Maria, a 30-year-old single mother originally from Puerto Rico, has been with the company for five
years. She works as an administrative assistant and is going to school online to earn a degree in business
Richard, a white 45-year-old man who has been with the company for 16 years is the Director of
Consider a time at work when you felt highly motivated. Think about exactly what motivates you
personally. Can you apply Maslow’s and Herzberg’s theories to yourself? Now, think about what these
four named employees might want or need to motivate them, again applying Maslow’s or Herzberg’s
theories. Be sure to conduct some research in the library and read the background readings about what
motivates different employee groups.
At work, you are offered the opportunity to develop a PowerPoint presentation that introduces
employees to tools your company may adopt to increase employee motivation.
You have come up with 5 tools that you feel will motivate the employees to complete their work in a
satisfactory manner, leading to meeting organizational goals. You will apply at least two tools to each of
the four named employees and explain why those tools were chosen as motivational tools.
Your presentation should cover the following:

What are 5 tools managers and organizations use to motivate their employees? Include a short
discussion of which of the two theories (Maslow or Herzberg, or both) addresses each tool on
the appropriate slides’ notes page.

What can employees do to motivate themselves?

What motivates you to complete your own work and are you motivated according to Maslow’s
or Herzberg’s theory?

What two tools do you identify as appropriate to each of the four employees, Adara, Ivy, Maria,
and Richard? Why did you select those? Are they connected to the motivational theory of
Maslow, Herzberg, or both?
Your presentation must contain at least 12 slides (cover slide, five slides for the five tools, one slide for
self-motivation, a slide for each of the four named employees, and reference list) but you can have
more. Use in-text citations and a reference list, with at least two high-quality scholarly references for
support. High-quality references are academically peer-reviewed journals or textbooks and are found in
the Trident Online Library. The citations can be inserted onto the notes pages rather than on the actual
People today do not want to sit and watch a presentation with tons of words on the slides. They want to
see no more than “5 words and a picture” and the picture must be of real people. Feel free to format
your presentation with minimal words or however you can get your information across to the
employees with the greatest impact. A simple way to come up with headings is to take the assignment’s
questions and shorten them to a few words. For instance, I would format the questions in this
assignment into the following headings:
5 Tools and Motivation Theory
My Motivators According to Maslow or Herzberg
Adara’s Motivators
Ivy’s Motivators
Maria’s Motivators
Richard’s Motivators
Background Material
For an overview of some important current issues regarding workplace motivation, such as
telecommuting and working remotely, and the different things employees consider to be valued
motivators, read the following articles:
Aleksić-Glišović, M., Jerotijević, G., & Jerotijević, Z. (2019). Modern approaches to employee
motivation. Ekonomika, 65(2), 121-133. doi:10.5937/ekonomika1902121A
Bhatti, O. K., Aslam, U. S., Hassan, A., & Sulaiman, M. (2016). Employee motivation: An Islamic
perspective. Humanomics, 32(1), 33-47.
Elvie, M. (2019). The influence of organizational culture, compensation and interpersonal
communication in employee performance through work motivation as mediation. International Review
of Management and Marketing, 9(5), 133-140.
Judge, T. A., Zapata, C. P. (2014, July 21). The person–situation debate revisited: Effect of situation
strength and trait activation on the validity of the big five personality traits in predicting job
performance. The Academy of Management Journal, 58(4). Available in the Trident Online Library.
Makololo, M. E. (2012). The impact of broad based black economic empowerment employee share
schemes [Doctoral Dissertation, Gordon Institute of Business Science. University of Pretoria]. Thesis and
Dissertation database, 21334375.
Organizational behavior. (2017). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing
Edition. CC BY-NC-SA License.
Read the following sections in Chapter 5:
Section 5.2 Need-based theories of motivation
Section 5.3 Process-based theories
Read the following sections in Chapter 6:
Section 6.3 Motivating Employees through Goal Setting
Section 6.5 Motivating Employees through Performance Incentives
Samsudin, N. H. (2019, September 20). The method of managing employee motivation in Islam: Analysis
on reward methods. The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioral Sciences. The Second
International Conference on Humanities. Future
Academy. Open Access through CC NC 4.0.

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