Instructions: Write an essay (not to exceed one (1) page, i.e., 750 words that accomplishes the following:1. Summarize Plato’s argument clearly identifying the conclusion and the premises.2. Discuss the link between education/knowledge and one’s ability to govern.3. Discuss Plato’s assessment of democracy as a system of governance and who is best equipped to lead society.4. Write a critique of Plato’s political philosophy as expressed in the Allegory of the Cave. For example, what could possibly go wrong in a society that is governed by an “elite” group of individuals? 5. Be sure to include a counterexample. (We have to anticipate objections/rebuttals to an argument.)Essays (150 points.)Allegory of the Cave.pdfPlato: https://www.iep.utm.edu/plato/ (Links to an external site.)The Republic: https://www.iep.utm.edu/republic/ (Links to an external site.)Socrates: https://www.iep.utm.edu/socrates/ (Links to an external site.)Video:Allegory of the Cave (video 1): Link (Links to an external site.)Allegory of the Cave (video 2): Link (Links to an external site.)Allegory of the Cave (video 3): Link (Links to an external site.)CriteriaRatingsPtsIntroduction:Writer introduces the author and the title of their essay, states the author’s thesis (conclusion), and advises audience how they will proceed.30.0 to >23.9 ptsProficient23.9 to >20.9ptsAverage20.9 to >17.9ptsBelow Average17.9 to >0 ptsUnsatisfactory30.0ptsArgument pt. 1:Writer provides clear and concise summary of author’s argument.30.0 to >23.9 ptsProficient23.9 to >20.9ptsAverage20.9 to >17.9ptsBelow Average17.9 to >0 ptsUnsatisfactory30.0ptsArgument pt. 2Writer constructs an argument with clearly delineated premises and conclusion; additionally, writer substantiates their claims.30.0 to >23.9 ptsProficient23.9 to >20.9ptsAverage20.9 to >17.9ptsBelow Average17.9 to >0 ptsUnsatisfactory30.0ptsArgument pt. 3Writer anticipates objections to their claims, and writes a conclusion summarizing the main points of their argument.30.0 to >23.9 ptsProficient23.9 to >20.9ptsAverage20.9 to >17.9ptsBelow Average17.9 to >0 ptsUnsatisfactory30.0ptsThis essay is grammatically sound and free from spelling and punctuation errors, and is 700 to 750 words.30.0 to >23.9 ptsProficient23.9 to >20.9ptsAverage20.9 to >17.9ptsBelow Average17.9 to >0 ptsUnsatisfactory30.0ptsTotal Points: 150.0.doc fileI already wrote the essay, here are the comments I received Your paper is very interesting. However, as an argument you do need to make some revisions. You spend far too much time explaining the cave scenario. There is not much Deve;lopment of your argument. To say you agree with Plato is no argument. Additionally, there is not counterexample. We must anticipate objections to our claims.
Therefore, I suggest that you edit/revise your essay to address the aforementioned issues.
If you have any questions, send me an email or text.Please revise the link and send backYarin Perez
Philos 1
12/4/20
Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”
Plato remains one of the greatest philosophers in history. One of his popular works is the
allegory of the cave. ​This is also damped Plato’s Cave. The work compares the impact of
education as well as the absence of it on nature (Borzoo, 2020). The work is authored as a
discourse between Plato’s brother and ​Socrates​. It is narrated by Socrates. This paper is a critical
analysis of Plato’s “​Allegory of the Cave​”.
In this ​Allegory, ​Plato arrives at the realization that generally-run human beings can
speak and think and do other things devoid of any awareness of their realm of Forms; the
allegory is aimed at explaining this realization (​Hosle, 2020)​. In this parable or allegory, he
likens persons untutored in the concept of forms to convicts who have been bound in a cave.
Such convicts are unable to turn their heads or bodies in any direction. All the prisoners can see
is the cave’s wall and there is a fire burning behind them. Besides, there is a parapet between the
prisoners and the fire, along which puppeteers can pass through. These puppeteers walking
behind the prisoners are holding puppets that generate shadows on the cave’s wall. The convicts
are unable to see the puppets that represent the actual objects passing behind them. The prisoners
only see and hear the shadows as well as the echoes that the objects cast. However, they do not
see the objects.
In this scenario, the convicts would misstep appearance for reality. The convicts would
think that the shadows were real. Plato’s point in this scenario is that the convicts would be
mistaken because they would be thinking that the shadows represent real things since they cannot
differentiate between reality and the shadows. The cave is a representation of the persons who
hold that knowledge originates or results from what people grasp as well as hear in the world;
this represents empirical evidence (​Świercz, 2019). ​In this work, Plato wants to show that people
who believe in empirical evidence are trapped in an enormous cave of misunderstanding.
Conversely, the shadows represent perceptions of the people who opine that empirical
evidence results in knowledge and makes people more knowledgeable. As per Plato, if people
believe that what they see should be taken as truth, then they are simply sighting a shadow of the
actual truth (​Hosle, 2020)​. The escaped prisoner in this theory represents the Philosopher. This is
because he seeks knowledge outside or beyond the cave (empirical evidence) as well as outside
his senses. Finally, the escaped prisoner returns. The other prisoners are surprised. This
represents how people get afraid of comprehending philosophical facts and for this reason, they
do not entrust philosophers (​Hosle, 2020)​. This allegory concludes that truth differs from one
person to another depending on who the person is. Also, the truth will differ depending on
whatever an individual’s reality is.
Yarin Perez
Philos 1
12/4/20
There is a strong correlation between an individual’s education or knowledge and their
ability to govern. As evident from Plato’s Cave, it is clear that people who have gathered
extensive knowledge, beyond the empirical evidence, have a better understanding of the truth
(​Amin & Javadi, 2019)​. Thus, they have a better worldview compared to people without enough
knowledge. Consequently, such people can govern better compared to people with limited
knowledge.
In Plato’s Republic, he has significantly criticized democracy. Instead, he proposes an
aristocracy kind of leadership. He proposes the aristocracy to be led by philosopher-kings. For
this reason, his political philosophy is considered totalitarian. He rejects democracy by saying
that such democratic societies were anarchic and they lacked internal unity (Peterson, 2017).
Also, he argued that societies under democracy did not have internal unity since the leadership
made decisions based on citizens’ impulses instead of pursuing a common good. I greatly agree
with him.
The system of government enforced by Plato has several benefits. However, it has several
limitations. For example, when a society is purely governed by an “elite” group of individuals,
they are more likely to be the sole decision-makers. Thus, they are unlikely to listen to the ideas
of the citizens, whom they consider as intellectually inferior. Also, such people are likely to
practice dictatorial traits since they are the key decision-makers. As a result, citizens are more
likely to revolt against the elite. This Plato’s Cave is a breath-taking work. It shows the
importance of having immense knowledge as a leader.
Yarin Perez
Philos 1
12/4/20
​References
Amin, M., & Javadi, M. (2019). A Comparative Study of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and
Suhrawardī’s Tale of the Western Exile. ​Religious Inquiries​, ​8​(16), 59-80.
Borzoo, S. (2020). Plato’s Bakery: A Dialogue on Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”.
Hosle, P. (2020). The Allegory of the Cave, the Ending of the Republic, and the Stages of
Moral Enlightenment. ​Philologus​, ​164​(1), 66-82.
Peterson, V. V. (2017). Plato’s Allegory of the Cave: literacy and “the good”. Review of
Communication, 17(4), 273-287.
Świercz, P. (2019). The Allegory of the Cave and Plato’s Epistemology of Politics. Folia
Philosophica, 42(2), 115-139.

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